Young children need to be taken care of amidst increasing pollution, Statistics show that children under the age of five have the highest risk of pneumonia.
Kovid aside19 Fear of increasing pollution in the environment around Diwali. These are all factors that damage your lungs. But do you know that your little baby’s small lungs can also be risk prone at this time. There is a risk of pneumonia. On World Pneumonia Day, you should know why young children are at the highest risk of pneumonia.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is actually an infection in one or both lungs. In this condition, phlegm or mucus accumulates in the airways of the lungs. Sometimes it’s mild, But sometimes this obstruction also reaches dangerous levels. Which effects your age, Health also depends on the condition and type of infection.
What can cause pneumonia
It is a lung obstructive infection. Bacterial cause, Viral and fungal infections can be anything. The most common reason is bacteria. In children, it usually develops by itself due to cold or flu.
Bacteremia causing pneumonia is mainly in Streptococcus pneumoniae., Legionella pneumophila or Legionnaires, Mycoplasma pneumonia, Chlamydia is considered pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzae.
Viruses that infect the respiratory tract can cause pneumonia.
Viral pneumonia occurring in the changing season is often mild. Most children fall prey to it and recover within a few weeks. But sometimes it becomes so serious that even getting admitted to the hospital for this is impossible.
Covid-19 You need to be more vigilant about you and your family’s health. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), Common cold and flu virus, SARS-CoV-2 Virus and fungal pneumonia often become severe for those people, Whose immunity is weak.
Who can be most at risk of pneumonia
However, anyone can get pneumonia due to changing weather and pollution. At the National Institute of Health (NIH) According to some people are at greatest risk of this: –
Children under the age of two years65 Elderly people over the age of people with high pollution in the environment, people exposed to toxic smoke, smoking or drinking alcohol, people who are nutritionally deficient if you already have a lung problem, You may still be at the highest risk of pneumonia.
Understand the symptoms of pneumonia?
fever, Chills, Cough with phlegm, Difficulty breathing, Chest pain while breathing, Nausea and / or vomiting and diarrhea.
However, according to age, the symptoms can be different or less or more in everyone. The greatest risk is to young children. Because they have very few symptoms and they are not in a position to tell their problem if they have trouble breathing.
If your immunity is good, So you may feel difficulty in breathing and restlessness.
Whereas aging parents can often see a decrease in mental awareness along with respiratory problems.
Because every breath is precious
Among children under five in India 15 Pneumonia is the cause of death. So to curb this, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has SAANS Has launched the campaign.
According to the Union Health Minister, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, this campaign means ‘Social awareness and action to successfully eliminate pneumonia’ ( ‘Social Awareness and Action to Neutralise Pneumonia Successfully’)
Little kids have more care
Health Management Information System (HMIS) Born in India according to data obtained from 1000 Of children, 37 Dies at the age of five. among these 5.3 Deaths are due to pneumonia. Therefore, it is important that we need to focus more on protecting young children from it.
How can you protect your child from pneumonia
It is most important that you take care of your child more and more in this pollution filled environment.
Pollution often increases in this season, In such a situation, make sure that taking the young children out of the house is absolutely avoidable. To keep the home environment clean, make sure that the house has proper ventilation. You can also use domestic air purifiers. The child’s immunity depends on your breastfeeding. So make sure that a child up to two and a half years of age should breastfeed. Also make sure that you or any other member of your family does not smoke in the house.
Protect the child from the polluted environment, especially during Diwali. If the child is not drinking milk or is reversing milk, So please show the doctor.
Can pneumonia be prevented?
Yes yes, Vaccine can help prevent pneumonia caused by pneumococcal bacteria or flu viruses. But at the same time it is also important that you have good hygiene, Do not smoke and follow a healthy lifestyle as well.
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